TUTTO IL TORACE

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Summary List of Thoracic Structures - LISTA DEI CONTENUTI DEL TORACE

Bones

Thoracic vertebrae

  body
  • demifacet for head of rib
  pedicle
  transverse process
  • facet for tubercle of rib
  Lamina
  spinous process
  vertebral foramen
  intervertebral foramen
  vertebral canal

Rib

  head
  neck
  tubercle
  angle
  body
  costal groove

Sternum

  manubrium
  jugular notch
  sternal angle
  body
  xiphoid process

Muscles

  • external intercostal
  • internal intercostal
  • innermost intercostal
  • transversus thoracis

Arteries

  • Ascending aorta
    • left coronary
      • anterior interventricular (or ant. descending)
      • circumflex coronary
    • right coronary
      • nodal branch (or vena caval branch)
      • posterior interventricular (or post. descending)
  • aortic arch
    • brachiocephalic trunk
      • right common carotid
      • right subclavian
        • internal thoracic
          • superior epigastric
          •  
          • costocervical
          • left common carotid
          • left subclavian
            • internal thoracic
              • superior epigastric
              • musculophrenic
            • costocervical
          • descending aorta
            • segmental posterior intercostal arteries

          Veins

          • posterior intercostal
          • left superior intercostal
          • hemiazygos
          • azygos
          • arch of the azygos
          • left and right brachiocephalic
          • superior vena cava
          • inferior vena cava
          • coronary sinus
            • great cardiac vein
            • small cardiac vein
            • middle cardiac vein

        Nerves

        • intercostal
        • sympathetic trunk (or chain)
          • sympathetic ganglion
          • greater splanchnic
          • communicating rami
            • white
            • gray
        • phrenic
        • left vagus
          • left recurrent laryngeal
          • anterior vagal trunk (or ant. gastric)
        • right vagus
          • posterior vagal trunk
        • esophageal plexus
        • cardiac plexus

        Pleura

        • parietal
          • costal
          • diaphragmatic
          • mediastinal
          • cervical (or cupular)
        • visceral
        • costodiaphgragmatic recess
        • costomediastinal recess

Lungs

  • root
    • main (primary) bronchus (right & left)
    • pulmonary arteries
    • pulmonary veins
    • hilar lymph nodes (or pulmonary)
    • bronchial arteries & veins
  • left lung
    • upper lobe
    • upper lobe bronchus (secondary)
    • oblique fissure
    • lower lobe
    • lower lobe bronchus (secondary)
    • tertiary bronchi
  • right lung
    • upper lobe
      • upper lobe bronchus (secondary)
    • horizontal fissure
    • middle lobe
      • middle lobe bronchus
    • oblique fissure
    • lower lobe
      • lower lobe bronchus
    • tertiary bronchi

Heart

  • right border
  • left border
  • apex
  • lower border
  • coronary sulcus (atrioventricular sulcus)
  • interventricular grooves
    • anterior
    • posterior
  • right atrium
    • superior vena cava
    • inferior vena cava opening
    • fossa ovalis
    • crista terminalis
    • opening for coronary sinus
    • right auricle
      • pectinate muscles
  • right ventricle
    • tricuspid valve
    • anterior papillary muscle
    • septomarginal (moderator) band
    • chorda tendineae
    • trabeculae carneae
    • interventricular septum
    • pulmonary artery opening
    • pulmonary tricuspid valve
      • semilunar cusps
  • left atrium
    • pulmonary veins
    • left auricle
      • pectinate muscles
  • left ventricle
    • mitral (bicuspid) valve
    • papillary muscles
    • trabeculae carneae
    • aortic valve
      • semilunar cusps
        • nodule
        • opening of left and right coronary arteries

Other Viscera

  • thoracic duct
  • thymus gland
  • esophagus
  • trachea
    • tracheal bifurcation
      • carina
      • primary bronchi

Miscellaneous

  • ligamentum arteriosum
  • tracheobronchial lymph nodes
  • paratracheal lymph nodes
  • hilar lymph nodes

Radiographs

  • clavicle
  • aortic arch (or "aortic knob")
  • scapula
  • pulmonary artery
  • medial border of scapula
  • left ventricle
  • 1st rib
  • apex of heart
  • right atrium
  • diaphragm
  • inferior vena cava


 

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